Research and Monitoring
Research and monitoring have been on-going at Fossil Creek for many years. Fossil Creek provides a unique opportunity to study the effects of both flow restoration and non-native fish removal on a Southwestern stream. Ecological and social research and monitoring is being conducted by numerous agencies including Arizona Game and Fish, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Northern Arizona University, U.S. Forest Service and the Bureau of Reclamation.
Posted below is a summary table of on-going and scheduled research and monitoring at Fossil Creek, as well as links to PDF files of published research and research reports.
On-going and Scheduled Research and Monitoring at Fossil Creek
(compiled by Michele James (NAU), July 20, 2009)
|Affiliation||Primary Investigator (PI)/researcher(s)||Subject of Work|
|NAU, Biology||Jane Marks/Ken Adams||Crayfish habitat, densities, effects on emergent insects (on-going)|
|NAU, Biology||Jane Marks/Matt O’Neil||Stable isotope study of food webs (on-going)|
|NAU, Biology.||Jane Marks/Matt O’Neil; Cinnamon Pace||Fish snorkeling/population study (on-going)|
|NAU, Biology||Maribeth Watwood/Brenda Harrop||Microbial communities (on-going)|
|NAU, Biology||Jane Marks/Michele James,Ken Adams||Riparian vegetation monitoring (starting 2010)|
|NAU, Biology||Jane Marks/ Michele James, Ken Adams||Water quality monitoring (may include macroinvertebrates/springsnail) (starting 2010)|
|NAU, Forestry||Marty Lee||Visitor use monitoring (starting 2010)|
|NAU, Forestry||Marty Lee||Monitoring effectiveness of temporary toilets (starting 2010)|
|NAU, Geology||Rod Parnell/Johnny Littlefield||Effects of algae on travertine growth (field work completed, data analysis on-going)|
|San Francisco State/NAU||Leonard Sklar, Jane Marks/ Brian Fuller, Zaccheaus Compson, Ken Adams||Travertine growth (on-going)|
|NAU, Biology||Maribeth Watwood||Coliforms (Enterococcus faecalis) (on-going)|
|Univ. of NM, Biology||Paul Polechla||Dietary ecology of river otters in the Verde River drainage (started 2009; on-going)|
|NAU, Geology||Abe Springer||Regional springs study (on-going)|
|Friends of AZ Rivers||Tim Flood||Yearly repeat photography monitoring (vegetation/travertine) (on-going)|
|Marsh and Associaates, LLC||Paul Marsh, Jerome Stefferud, Sally Stefferud||Bi-annual monitoring to determine presence of non-native fish (on-going)|
|U.S. Forest Service, Coconino, AZ Game and Fish Dept., U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service||Janie Agyagos, Suzy MacVean, Shaula Hedwall||Yearly leopard frog population monitoring (on-going)|
|Arizona Game and Fish/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service||Scott Rogers, Shaula Hedwall, Tony Robinson||Annual monitoring of native fish (spikedace, loach minnow, long fin dace, razorback sucker, Gila topminnow, chub) (on-going)|
|U.S. Forest Service, Coconino||Jennifer Burns/Dexter Allen||Informal visitor monitoring (on-going)|
|Arizona Game and Fish||Troy Corman/Bill Burger||Riparian bird monitoring (2009, and again in 6-9 years)|
|AZ Dept. of Environmental Quality||Patty Spindler||Water quality monitoring and bioassessments (macroinvertebrates) (ongoing; 4/year, every 3 years (2008, 2011, etc.)|
|USGS||Matt Johnson||Riparian raptors (pending funding)|
Research and Monitoring Reports: (click to view PDF)
Marks, JC, Haden, GA, O’Neill, Pace, C. (2009). Effects of Flow Restoration and Exotic Species Removal on Recovery of Native Fish: Lessons from a Dam Decommissioning. Restoration Ecology , doi: 10:1111/j.1526-100X.2009.00574.x
Marks, J.C., K.J. Adams, E. Dinger, and M. James (2009). Battles Between Non-Native Crayfish and Native Species in Fossil Creek, Arizona: Does Restoration Hinder or Help? Northern Arizona University, Department of Biology and Merriam Powel Center for Environmental Research. Final Report to the Arizona Game and Fish Heritage Fund (IO5002). (large file; available upon request)
Meulbauer, JD, LeRoy, CJ, Lovett, JM, Flaccus, KK, Vlieg, JK, Marks, JC (2009). Short-term Responses of Decomposers to Flow Restoration in Fossil Creek, Arizona. Hydrobiologia DOI 10.1007/s10750-008-9545-3.
Carter CD and Marks JC (2007). Influences of travertine dam formation on leaf litter decomposition and algal accrual. Hydrobiologia 575: 329-341Doucette RR, Marks JC, Blinn DW, Caron M, and Hungate BA (2007) Measuring terrestrial subsidies to aquatic food webs using stable isotopes of hydrogen. Ecology 88(6):1587-1592.
Marks, JC. (2007). Down Go the Dams. Scientific American 296(3): 66-71. (PDF not available)
Marks JC, Parnell R,Carter C, Dinger EC, Haden GA. (2006). Invited Special Feature: Interactions between geomorphology and ecosystem processes in travertine streams–implications for dam decommissioning in Fossil Creek, Arizona. Geomorphology, 77: 299-307
Marks, Jane C., G. Allen Haden, Eric Dinger, Ken Adams (2005) A Survey of the Aquatic Community of Fossil Creek. Department of Biology and Merriam Powell Center for Environmental Research, NAU (Heritage Grant I03003).
Short and Long-term Management, Stewardship and Education and Outreach Needs for Fossil Creek. Meeting Notes, October 2005. Provides a summary of the October 26, 2005 Fossil Creek Stewardship Meeting.